Because China wants Japan to apologize:
This was the German Prime Minister Willie Brandt's apology for the Holocaust, which caused millions of casualties in Europe under the German occupation.
On the contrary, the Japanese responded in this way:
This is Shinzo Abe, the Prime Minister of Japan, visiting Yakusuni, the "holy land" of Japanese war criminals. To be fair, the Yakusuni Shrine is not only to commemorate war criminals, but why do they worship war criminals in this shrine? No wonder the Japanese victims are angry.
The point is that Germany has sincerely reformed their way since the Nazi era, and their education curriculum ensures that everyone is aware of Nazi crimes. In Japan, the government did this to whitewash the past crimes.
As a Chinese, I can say that we do not hate the Japanese. I mean, we will not kill Tokyo or do similar things, but there is still tension between the two people and the official.
What has Japan done? They rebuilt the economy with the help of the United States. They honored war criminals convicted by the International Court of Justice. They tried to cover up their crazy crimes.
The comfort women are passing away. The survivors of Nanjing are dying. Almost all 731 victims died. But we remember! We remember millions of victims who were brutally killed.
But do the Japanese still remember? no Their young people don't even know what their ancestors did. They just called the Nanjing Massacre an event.
They never made a formal apology, not even once. There must be soldiers who regret it. But the government said nothing.
My friends, that is why China will not forgive Japan. Not because we are ruthless, but because they don't even realize what they have done wrong. According to this logic, once they have strength, they may do it again.
The Japanese government has not officially acknowledged the atrocities committed in East Asia, including China. Germany has formally apologized to all relevant people, including Israel, for the atrocities. Japan did not regret and guilt to admit that it had committed atrocities, but only said that it had caused some "damage" at most. What is missing in all apologies is the responsibility for Japan's atrocities in China. There is a difference between "harm" and "atrocity", especially when you don't even admit such behavior to your own people.
The secret of this matter appeared in 1972: "On September 29, 1972, Prime Minister Tanaka Kakuei said to the people of the People's Republic of China," Japan is strongly aware that Japan has been responsible for the serious damage caused to the Chinese people through war in the past, and deeply condemns itself. In addition, Japan reiterates its position that it intends to normalize relations between the two countries from the standpoint of fully understanding the 'three principles of restoring relations'. " Suggestions made by the Government of the People's Republic of China. China welcomes this "(Joint Communiqu é of the Government of Japan and the Government of the People's Republic of China).
Successive Japanese prime ministers and officials have repeated this message, but have not acknowledged their atrocities. Even in Japanese textbooks, Japanese students do not know about the Nanjing Massacre or the biological experiments of 731 troops. Perhaps you can learn the truth of history from the following websites or platforms:
Nanjing Massacre - Wikipedia; Force 731 - Wikipedia; Japanese History Textbook Dispute - Wikipedia
What is missing from Japanese history class?
Japanese "Nationalism" textbooks teach different historical views | Voice of Germany | August 15, 2017
In fact, the United States participated in the cover-up and non-persecution of 731 troops
The United States pays data fees to members of the 731 Force | Japan Times
It seems that most Japanese do not know the atrocities committed against China, nor how this denial of serious grievances affects the views of Chinese and Japanese. This gap of repentance is the reason for the differences.
中国网友Choose The Yun的回答
For many people, if we can really do this, it may be very counterintuitive. The Chinese government has made great efforts to unite South Korea and Japan. Chinese leaders visited Japan before the reform and opening up and expressed appreciation for the progress made by Japan.
Those familiar with East Asia may know the dispute between China and Japan over the Diaoyu Islands issue and the disastrous war that ended in 1945. But this is not an unsolvable problem. In the 1970s, Sino-Japanese relations have been normalized. There are always some Japanese politicians who are friendly to China. The Chinese dislike of Japan is also easy to control. There is no hatred education in our history books. The key idea of our history book is that the best way to avoid foreign harm is to make China strong.
We hope Japan will officially apologize, but we are not so stubborn. Otherwise, the Chinese government will not develop the relationship between China and Japan. Everyone should note that China's civilization is most concerned about the living. We know history, but it has never been our burden. I think South Korea and Japan have the same view in their society. It is not difficult to develop China-Japan relations.
In fact, we have experienced many years of good times. Yes, we have ideological differences. However, we also have many similarities in cultural roots. Many Japanese businessmen have participated in China's modernization drive and made great contributions.
However, our relationship is not bad until 2012, when China will make great achievements in China-Japan-ROK cooperation. For several months, the three countries planned to build a free trade zone, but then something strange happened.
Some Japanese politicians put forward the idea of nationalizing the Diaoyu Islands, and some "patriots" Hong Kong groups boarded the Diaoyu Islands. When these things happened, the leaders of the three countries were still trying to save the free trade zone, but failed. The distrust between us can be controlled. However, it can also be manipulated.
The situation at that time was very clear. We could be friends, but some people didn't want to see it. Yes, it is the United States.
I don't blame America. They should do so. The free trade zones of China, Japan and South Korea will pose a real threat to them. If I were the leader of the United States, I would try to stop it.
In short, when Japan and South Korea are too close to China, strange things will happen. During Abe's first term of office, he was very friendly to China. Then, the first semester ends in one year. In his second term, he began to provoke on sensitive issues, and then he could serve as Prime Minister until today. When South Korean President Park Geun-hye was elected President of the Republic of Korea, she also worked hard to deepen relations with China. Until suddenly, Sade appeared.
The United States has a very strong influence in Japan and South Korea. If China, Japan and South Korea form a unified market, it will be disastrous for the United States. The relationship between China and Japan has changed, because the dynamic confrontation between China and the United States is changing every day. When the balance between China and the United States changes permanently in East Asia, people will be able to see us shake hands.
Some people may find that after the trade problems between Japan and South Korea, China tried to persuade them to negotiate a solution. We have never abandoned it to realize a free trade zone. RECP has been signed. I hope we can make some achievements.
I wonder what the Japanese will think when observing the Sino-US trade war. How do you feel when you see us standing firmly in front of the United States? Do you remember the day you decided to surrender to the United States in the 1980s. I really want to know this. Everyone said that Japan was falling. I always think they still have fire in their hearts. If we remain undefeated in the trade war, will the Japanese make the decision to return to Asia and leave the western society?
There are many good answers, but I still want to answer this question because I just received a request.
After World War II, Germany was like this:
All students must understand why and how we launched this war and committed war crimes. We have the responsibility to reflect on the Holocaust against Jews.
Japan is like this:
We put war criminals in the shrine because that is our culture. Will our Prime Minister visit? It's no big deal. They just show respect to those who fight for the country. We are also victims of war: nuclear bombs do too much harm to us
Japanese right-wing group portrait:
"Japan did nothing wrong. The Nanjing Massacre was forged by China."
This is why some Chinese say that the Japanese never regret the war. It regrets that it was defeated. As far as I know, Germany did not massacre 300000 French in Paris. During the occupation of France, it did not conduct immoral human experiments on the French.
France and Germany need to stand together to build a strong and unified Europe. China and Japan have different needs. On the contrary, separating the two is beneficial to the West (that is, the United States). After the outbreak of the Korean War, the United States even helped Japan's right wing to remain in power, because it was worried that the Soviet Union might have too much influence on East Asia through the left party.
Now you know why China can't shake hands with Japan like France and Germany.
Quite simply, France and Germany are closer and have more in common than China and Japan.
1. France and Germany are both Christian countries and part of European culture. Both are seriously (more or less) influenced by Greek and Roman culture.
2. France and Germany have always shared a common border, territorial change and immigration. In 1700, 20% of Berlin's population spoke French (Huguenot).
3. France and Germany both originated from the Frankish Empire and recognized Charlemagne as the founder of their respective countries.
4. The two cultures are quite similar. Most European countries share a common and extensive political, philosophical and cultural belief system.
5. France and Germany are relatively younger than Japan and China.
6. Despite the Second World War, Germany and France were not as cruel as Japan was to China.
All these, together with the political and economic realities after World War II, forced both countries to make up. At the end of the Second World War, Germany (under the occupation of the Allies and the Soviet Union) had no choice at all.
The reason is simple: the United States will not allow it.
I see that many responses mentioned the differences between Germany and Japan in apology. These are just some things on the surface of the whole relationship between China, Japan, South Korea and the United States. As you can see, after the World War II and the Korean War, Japan and South Korea claimed to be independent countries, but in fact they were dependent on the United States, which was the pawn of the United States to maintain its influence in East Asia.
It has worked for about 50 years. In these years, some stocks were transferred from Japan to South Korea in the 1990s. Neither of these two countries has the ability to resist their suzerain, nor other countries have the ability to link the two countries.
About 10-20 years ago, as China's economy took off, South Korea and Japan seemed to see the opportunity to become a real country through close relations with China and each other. This is when you see the issue of World War II on the table. Whenever the three countries show any sign of proximity, it will certainly be the time when the Japanese Prime Minister visits the Yasukuni Shrine, and then when there is friction between South Korea and China.
The governments of the three countries all know why they can't apologize to each other and develop their economies together. They want the United States to withdraw from the negotiations and gain more shares. As long as the United States can maintain its strength in East Asia, the United States will not let this happen.
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